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Zero Waste Study Tour 2018: turning the Circular Economy vision into reality

Zero Waste Brussels Study Tour 2018

Last week we organised, as part of our Zero Waste Cities and Communities programme, the 2018 Study Tour

in Brussels and Flanders, aiming at further disseminating best practices in Europe. It was the occasion to provide

European delegations from all over Europe (Belgium, Portugal, Poland, Austria, France, Netherlands and Cyprus)

with the possibility to visit one of the most performing regions in Europe. Indeed, in 2003 Belgium had already met

the EU 2020 recycling target (50% of Municipal Solid Waste). Within Belgium, Flanders is the most advanced

in terms of Municipal Solid Waste with already 60% of recycling rate in 2000. But since recycling is not

the highest target in the waste hierarchy, the region also initiated an ambitious waste prevention programme:

a PAYT (Pay As You Throw) scheme to reduce waste directly at the household level.

Day one - Brussels

We started the tour at the RecyK reuse center in Anderlecht, the biggest reuse, repair and recycling platform in the

Brussels region. Finished in 2016, the project benefited from the European FEDER grant to focus on social and

circular economy. The 5000 square metre platform promotes circular economy through the training and employment

of people in socio-professional reinsertion. The first stop was at Usitoo where you can bring your own unwanted items

and, through a subscription, rent everything they store: from skis to lawn mowers.

Then we crossed the long public passage towards the canal, from where passers by can see the numerous labs.

It’s here we found out what happened to the old Brussels public transports ticket machines: they were all collected

to be transformed into new objects, like key holders and 3D printers.

The space also hosts artistic ateliers, where creatives give new life to waste: food packaging turns into fashion,

garden tools into sculptures and hear plugs into decoration. They can use the facility for their workshops but also

for expositions.

RecyK is huge and moving from one lab to the other we came across a gardening spot using the aquaponic technique,

the architectural studio responsible for the site project and a social project helping young people in need.

The Micro Factory is open to individuals and groups needing a work space to develop their projects, being them

wood, metal or electrical based. All the most professional tools are available and between them we also found

a home made 3D printer!

For the lunch break we went to the onsite La Kantine du Canal where, apart from enjoying local and organic good food

served in reusable containers, you can also admire the decorations, entirely made out of recycled items.

The break gave us the possibility to chat with participants who came from different backgrounds:

waste management consultants, municipalities officers and NGOs.

For the second part of the day we moved to La Maison de la Paix in Brussels where Pierre Condamine,

Zero Waste Europe Waste Policy Officer, updated us on the new EU waste legislation: as the EU recycling targets

for 2020 should be met within 1 year, the EU already voted a new ambitious legislation for the next 10 years.

Among the measures voted, the directive specifically emphasises separate collection for bio waste and waste prevention.

We tried to figure out what is going to happen for countries not meeting the 2020 target and heard from the participants

what measures their countries are implementing and what else could be done.

Francisco Davila introduced WORMS work: founded in 2008, the association promotes the implementation

of local community composting. Since its creation, results have been very encouraging with the number of

local compost almost tripling between 2013 and 2016.

Karine de Batselier, Bruges Municipality Climate Coordinator, explained their Food Waste prevention strategy.

You can read about their impressive achievements on our Case Study.

The composting part of our tour could not have been only theoretical, indeed we visited two local composting sites

in Ixelles, where Master Composters showed us the different stages of the process and explained how they interact

with the citizens.

We could not finish the day without a Zero Waste food tasting. Le Local is a Zero Waste restaurant cooking with local

and fresh food thus promoting a short supply chain. It earned the Good Food label, rewarding environmentally-friendly

restaurants in Brussels.

In Brussels we can find shop selling good in bulk in nearly every neighbour, butt it’s not the same in all Europe.

So we decided to improvised an extra visit to Stock, where you can find everything: from grains to vegetables to

personal hygiene and cleaning products.

Day two - Flanders

On day 2 we moved to Mechelen where we were received by OVAM, the Flanders Waste Agency, a public company

whose work greatly contributed to the development of good practices in Belgium. They explained how they evolved

from a policy framework to a Circular Economy transition and gained impressive figures: 70% separate collection

and 145 kg/inhabitant residual waste by investing in recycling and not in incineration, increasing reusing and

minimising the percentage of MBT. They also stressed the importance of shifting the responsibility to producers

as one of the key moves to make recycling schemes work. It was great to hear how they are moving from traditional

waste management to material and resource management: minimising landfilling, reducing incineration and

supporting waste reduction. But we encourage them to go one step further and firmly commit to actually phase

out incineration to not only “close the loop”, but also to take bold actions for drastically reducing what enters in the loop.

In the afternoon we moved to Leuven where we visited EcoWerf recycling centre, a good chance to discover how

the separate collection works on a practical basis and hear more about the PAYT scheme implementation.

We could enter the biowaste collection and sorting facility to check every single step of the process.

It starts with the trucks unloading the biowaste in deep pits from where it is processed by an automated machinery

which sifts, cuts and remove eventual metallic residues.

The “compost to be” is then transported to a big storage facility where it rests for five weeks. We checked the

temperatures and admired several bio filter tanks. It was impressive to notice how the filters work perfectly

in avoiding intensive smells.

After five weeks there is another check procedure to verify no plastics or metals contaminate the compost.

Which is then ready to be packed and sold to the public.

Under a characteristic Belgian rain we then returned to Brussels, soaked by happy with the tour outcome.

We leave the comments to the participants:

It was an excellent experience considering that besides providing a wide set of different good examples at various

levels/scale on proper waste management, it also gave us the chance to share and discuss experiences from

all participants. Definitely, something to repeat in the future.

Simão Dias, Waste Consultant, Portugal

The study tour was enlightening! We got to see different systems for handling waste and now

more than ever it is obvious that no matter what the needs of your community are,

they can be handled and zero waste is a goal that can be accomplished.

Yianna Sigalou, Greece

With the recent update of the European waste legislation and the recent warning from the commission about countries

at risk of not meeting the 2020 recycling targets, the Study Tour was a unique opportunity for people from all around

Europe to meet, share good practices and learn from frontrunners regions such as Flanders.

Pierre Condamine, Zero Waste Europe Waste Policy Officer

Since more than 10 years now, organisations from the Zero Waste movement have been supporting municipalities

and local authorities across Europe to implement ambitious waste prevention and management strategies.

As Zero Waste Europe, we are reinforcing our efforts to further disseminate and mainstream the best practices.

Once more, this study tour proved that bringing local players together is needed to share concrete ideas

that can be replicated and adapted in their national context.

Esra Tat, Zero Waste Cities Coordinator, ZWE

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